May 05, 2020 6:30 AM

Installing Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa

In this article I will explain how to install the Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa operating system. This instruction is suitable for installation on physical equipment or a virtual environment (VirtualBox, VMware, etc.).

Minimum hardware requirements

Downloading the installation image

You need to get the ISO file from the Ubuntu download page. Then you need to create a bootable USB drive or attach the ISO file to a new virtual machine in your virtual environment.

Burning an Ubuntu image to a USB drive

You need to write the installation image to the USB drive from which the system will be installed. To do this, use any software of your choice. I can recommend you the Etcher cross-platform utility. I used to use the UNetbootin utility, but at some point it stopped working.

In the utility, select the installation image and the USB drive to which you want to burn it:

Burning an Ubuntu image to a USB drive

Starting a bootable USB drive

Now you need to restart your computer and boot from the USB drive. To do this, you need to press a special function key to open the boot menu when loading BIOS/UEFI. Each computer manufacturer may have different function keys to launch the boot menu, usually one of the keys F2, F8, F9, F10, F12 or ESC. From the menu, select the bootable USB drive from the list of devices and press Enter.

Choosing an Ubuntu installation option

After loading the USB drive, you will see the installer menu. Choose your preferred language for the installation process. Click on the "Install Ubuntu" button:

Choosing an Ubuntu installation option

Choosing a language in Ubuntu

Please note that the language you choose for the installation process will also be used as the system default language.

Configuring keyboard in Ubuntu

Then configure the keyboard. Select a keyboard layout to use:

Configuring keyboard in Ubuntu

Choosing software in Ubuntu

You will be prompted to choose a normal or minimal installation. The default is normal installation. Also, by default, updates will be downloaded when installing Ubuntu.

Choosing software in Ubuntu

Partitioning disks in Ubuntu

Now you need to prepare the disk: add partitions, specify the desired file system. In this instruction I will use the first option "Erase disk and install Ubuntu":

Partitioning disks in Ubuntu

Your disk will be automatically partitioned. You must write the changes to disk:

Write changes to disk

Choosing a location in Ubuntu

Select your location that will be used to set the time zone and locale in the system:

Choosing a location in Ubuntu

Adding a user account in Ubuntu

Now you can create a user account. Enter your name, your computer name, username, and set a strong password:

Adding a user account in Ubuntu

After that, the installation of the system should begin.

Finishing the installation

When the installation is complete, you will see the following notification:

Finishing the installation

Remove the installation media so that the system can boot.

After booting the system, you will see the Ubuntu login interface:

Ubuntu login interface

After selecting a user account, you must enter a password (if required):

Ubuntu password entry interface

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