Installing Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa
- Minimum hardware requirements
- Downloading the installation image
- Burning an Ubuntu image to a USB drive
- Starting a bootable USB drive
- Choosing an Ubuntu installation option
- Choosing a language in Ubuntu
- Configuring keyboard in Ubuntu
- Choosing software in Ubuntu
- Partitioning disks in Ubuntu
- Choosing a location in Ubuntu
- Adding a user account in Ubuntu
- Finishing the installation
In this article I will explain how to install the Ubuntu 20.04 Focal Fossa operating system. This instruction is suitable for installation on physical equipment or a virtual environment (VirtualBox, VMware, etc.).
- Processor: 2 GHz dual core
- RAM: 4 GB
- Disk Space: 25 GB
You need to get the ISO file from the Ubuntu download page. Then you need to create a bootable USB drive or attach the ISO file to a new virtual machine in your virtual environment.
You need to write the installation image to the USB drive from which the system will be installed. To do this, use any software of your choice. I can recommend you the Etcher cross-platform utility. I used to use the UNetbootin utility, but at some point it stopped working.
In the utility, select the installation image and the USB drive to which you want to burn it:
Now you need to restart your computer and boot from the USB drive. To do this, you need to press a special function key to open the boot menu when loading BIOS/UEFI. Each computer manufacturer may have different function keys to launch the boot menu, usually one of the keys F2, F8, F9, F10, F12 or ESC. From the menu, select the bootable USB drive from the list of devices and press Enter.
After loading the USB drive, you will see the installer menu. Choose your preferred language for the installation process. Click on the "Install Ubuntu" button:
Please note that the language you choose for the installation process will also be used as the system default language.
Then configure the keyboard. Select a keyboard layout to use:
You will be prompted to choose a normal or minimal installation. The default is normal installation. Also, by default, updates will be downloaded when installing Ubuntu.
Now you need to prepare the disk: add partitions, specify the desired file system. In this instruction I will use the first option "Erase disk and install Ubuntu":
Your disk will be automatically partitioned. You must write the changes to disk:
Select your location that will be used to set the time zone and locale in the system:
Now you can create a user account. Enter your name, your computer name, username, and set a strong password:
After that, the installation of the system should begin.
When the installation is complete, you will see the following notification:
Remove the installation media so that the system can boot.
After booting the system, you will see the Ubuntu login interface:
After selecting a user account, you must enter a password (if required):